Prevalensi Retinopati Diabetik pada Penderita Diabetes Mellitus pada Komunitas Prolanis di Kota Mataram tahun 2018

  • Monalisa Nasrul Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mataram
Keywords: Indonesian


Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is main cause of blindness in diabetic patients all over the world. Diabetic retinopathy prevalence in Asia is 10-43.1%. National data is not established yet. Awareness and early detection for diabetic retinopathy as an important part of preventing blindness remains low hence the possibility for increasing blindness due to diabetic retinopathy.

Purpose: to measure diabetic retinopathy prevalence among diabetic patients in Prolanis community in Mataram. 

Metode: a cross-sectional descriptive study includes best corrected visual acuity, intra ocular pressure, anterior segment, funduscopy and fundus photo. Diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy is established based on ETDRS criteria, classified as non proliverative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliverative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Funduscopy is examined by an ophthalmologist followed by fundus photo with or without dilating the pupils in an eye clinic in Mataram. 

Results: of 68 diabetic patients, there are 19 patients with diabetic retinopathy (28.36%). Those patients are mostly female, age 40-75 years old, diagnosed with diabetes for more than 10 years duration, have no complaints of blurred vision, best corrected visual acuity are better than 0.3 and have health insurance. 

Conclusion: prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in Prolanis community of diabetic patients in Mataram is  28.36%.


1. Sovani I, Rini M, editor. Pedoman Skrining Retinopati Diabetika. Seminat Vitreoretina PERDAMI, 2014
2. Rahman K, Kartasasmita A, Heksan, editor. Pedoman Penanganan Retinopati Diabetika. Seminat Vitreoretina PERDAMI, 2013
3. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI. Laporan Nasional 2007. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007. Desember 2008; Jakarta: 122-9
4. World Health Organization. Action plan for the prevention of avoidable blindness and visual impairment 2009 – 2013
5. World Health Organization. Global data on visual impairment 2010. 2012;Geneva.
6. Diabetic retinopathy. Available at:
7. Zhang X, Saaddine BJ, Chou CF, Cotch MF, Cheng JY, Geiss LS, et al. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in United States, 2005-2008. JAMA. 2010;304(6):649-56
8. Konsensus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Tipe 2 di Indonesia. 2006
9. Dandona R, Dandona L, John RK, McCarty CA, Rao GN. Awareness of eye diseases in an urban population in southern India. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2001;79(2): 96-102
10. Renstra Nasional Penganggulangan Gangguan Penglihatan dan Kebutaan (PGPK)
11. Gilbert C, Foster A. Childhood blindness in the context of VISION 2020: The Right to Sight. Bull World Health Organ 2001; 79:227-32
12. ICEH. Using evidence for VISION 2020 “district” planning. Situational analysis.
13. America Association of Ophthalmology. Diabetic Retinopathy. Preferred Practice Pattern. available at:, updated January 2016
14. World Health Organisation (WHO) 2010, Control and Prevention of Blindness, viewed December, 2010.
15. Nasution K. Deteksi Dini Retinopati Diabetik di Pelayanan Primer Indonesia. J Indon Med Assoc 2011; 61:307-9