CORRELATION BETWEEN HELMINTH INFECTION AND ANTHROPOMETRY MEASUREMENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN IN PEMENANG SUB-DISTRICT NORTH LOMBOK DISTRICT WEST NUSA TENGGARA

  • Gusti Anom Christyandi Ramarantika Fakultas Kedokteran Unram
  • Rifana Cholidah
  • Eva Triani

Abstract

Background: There are more than 1,5 billion cases of STH infections each year, with school-age children being the most susceptible demographic. Those infections could cause many health problems, some of which are nutrition related health problems. This study aims to learn about the correlation between helminth infection and anthropometry measurement of elementary school age children in Pemenang sub-district, North Lombok district, West Nusa Tenggara province.

Method: This study uses correlation analysis with two categoric variables and consecutive sampling method. Helminth infections was checked trough feces sample examination. This study was carried out on SDN 1, S SDN 2, dan SDN 3 Malaka between May and December of 2019.

Results: Helminth eggs was found on 23 samples (30,67%) from the total of 75 samples, with T.trichiura being the most frequent infections found (91,4%). Using Mann-Whitney test, it was found that there are no significant correlations between helminth infections and anthropometry measurement using height-for-age and weight-for-age indicators (p=0,814 & p=0,403), but there is a significant correlation between helminth infections and anthropometrical measurement using BMI-for-age indicators (p=0,025).

Conclusion: There are no significant correlations between helminth infections and nutritional status that were assessed using height-for-age and weight-for-age indicators, but there is a significant correlation between helminth infections and nutritional status that was assessed using BMI-for-age indicator.

References

1. King, C. 2019. Helminthiasis Epidemiology dan Control. Highlighting Operational dan Implementation Research for Control of Helminthiasis, pp.11-30.
2. Chadijah, S., Sumolang, PPF., Veridiana, NN. 2014. Hubungan Pengetahuan, Perilaku, dan Sanitasi Lingkuugan dengan Angka Kecacingan pada Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar di Kota Palu. Media Litbangkes, 24(01), pp.50-56.
3. Simarmata, N., Sembiring, T., Ali, M. 2015. Nutritional status of soil-transmitted helminthiasis-infected and uninfected children. Pediatrica Indonesia, 55(3), pp.136-141.
4. Ziegelbauer, K., Speich, B., Mausezahl, D., Bos, R., Keiser, J., Ultzinger, J. 2012. Effect of Sanitation on Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection: Systematic Review dan Meta-Analysis. PLoS Med.
5. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Lombok Utara. 2017. Persentase Rumah Tangga Menurut Penggunaan Fasilitas Tempat Buang Air Besar di Kabupaten Lombok Utara, 2010-2014.
6. Weatherhead, JE., Hotez, PJ., Mejia, R. 2017. The Global State of Helminth Control dan Elimination in Children. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 64(4), pp.867-877.
7. Rosyidah, HN., Prasetyo, H. 2018. Prevalence of Intestinal Helminthiasis in Children at North Keputran Surabaya at 2017. Journal of Vocational Health Studies, 01, pp.117-120.
8. Ojha, S., Jaide, C., Jinawath, N., Rotjanapan, P. dan Baral, P. 2014. Geohelminths: public health significance. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 8(01), pp.005-016.
9. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian RI. 2018. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Jakarta.
10. Agustaria, G., Fazidah, AS., Nurmaini, N. 2019. The Relationship of Gender, School Sanitation and Personal Hygiene with Helminthiasis at Juhar Karo Regency in North Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7(20), pp.3497-3500.
11. World Health Organization. 2011. Helminth control in school-age children.
12. Shang, Y., Tang, L., Zhou, S., Chen, Y., Yang, Y. and Lin, S., 2010. Stunting and soil-transmitted-helminth infections among school-age pupils in rural areas of southern China. Parasites & Vectors, 3(1), p.97.
13. Papier, K., Williams, G., Luceres-Catubig, R., Ahmed, F., Olveda, R., McManus, D., Chy, D., Chau, T., Gray, D. and Ross, A. 2014. Childhood Malnutrition and Parasitic Helminth Interactions. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 59(2), pp.234-243.
14. Campbell, S., Nery, S., D’Este, C., Gray, D., McCarthy, J., Traub, R., Andrews, R., Llewellyn, S., Vallely, A., Williams, G. and Clements, A., 2017. Investigations into the association between soil-transmitted helminth infections, haemoglobin and child development indices in Manufahi District, Timor-Leste. Parasites & Vectors, 10(1).
15. Wolde, M., Berhan, Y., Chala, A. 2015. Determinants of underweight, stunting and wasting among schoolchildren. BMC Public Health, 15(8).
16. World Health Organization. 1995. Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. WHO Technical Report Series, 854.
17. Sanchez, A., Gabrie, J., Usuanlele, M., Rueda, M., Canales, M. and Gyorkos, T., 2013. Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Nutritional Status in School-age Children from Rural Communities in Honduras. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 7(8), p.e2378.
18. Degarege, A. and Erko, B., 2013. Association between intestinal helminth infections and underweight among school children in Tikur Wuha Elementary School, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Infection and Public Health, 6(2), pp.125-133.
Published
2022-03-31
Section
Research