Prevalence and Characteristic of Senile Cataract Patients in RSUD Provinsi NTB During Period of January - June 2019

  • Cindra Indah Salsabila Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mataram
Keywords: senile cataract, prevalence, characteristics

Abstract

Background: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the world. WHO reported that cataract happens more often in the aging population (>50 years old). This study aims to determine the prevalence and the characteristics of senile cataract in RSUD Provinsi NTB from January of 2019 until June of 2019.

Methods: This is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional design using data of the medical record. Population of this study is all cataract patient aged ?50 years old in RSUD Provinsi NTB during the study period and without a known history of eye trauma.

Results: The prevalence of senile cataract in RSUD Provinsi NTB on January – June 2019 is 192 patients (70,6%). Based on the demographic characteristic, the most prevalent cases is in male (54,7%), aged 56-65 (45,3%), and lived in Mataram (37,5%). Based on the clinical characteristic, most of senile cataract cases is in bilateral of the eyes (60,4%), with uncorrected visual acuity <3/60 (43,3% right eye and 41,8% left eye), best corrected visual acuity <3/60 (42% right eye and 39,2% left eye) <3/60 and immature stage (66,7% right eye and 66,5% left eye) and from 192 patients, 123 of them have a comorbid disease. If it is associated between cataract stages and visual acuity, most of the eyes of cataract patients have an immature stage with moderate visual impairment (visual acuity <6/18-6/60).

Conclusion: Based on this study, senile cataract is the most common type of cataract and most of the patients came with blindness.

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Published
2021-12-09