Cisternografi Radionuklida

  • Endah Indriani Wahyono Nuclear Medicine FK Unpad/RSHS


Radionuclide cisternography is one of nuclear medicine imaging modality for dynamic analyses from cerebrospinal fluid. This examination selected if there is any contraindication for examination with convensional modality or if there is still any inconclusive findings with them. We present why, when, how, the procedure and clinical cases in this paper.


1. Thomas A. Woolsey et. al., The Brain Atlas : A Visual Guide to The Human Central Nervous System 4th ed., Wiley 2017.
2. Harvey A. Zeissman et. al., Nuclear Medicine The Requisites 4th ed., Saunders 2014.
3. Fred A. Mettler et. al., Essentials of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 7th ed., Elsevier 2018.
4. Bennett et. al., Diagnostic Imaging Nuclear Medicine 2nd ed., Elsevier 2016.
5. Martin P. Sandler et. al., Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine 4th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2003.
6. Netter et. al., Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience 3rd ed., Elsevier 2016.
7. Jens Waschke, Friedrich Paulsen, Sobotta Atlas of Anatomy Head, Neck and Neuroanatomy Vol. III 16th ed., Elsevier Health Science 2018.
8. John H. Martin et. al., Neuroanatomy Text and Atlas 5th ed., Mc Graw Hill 2020.
9. William W. Campbell, DeJong's The Neurologic Examination 7th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2013.
10. Richard S. Snell et. al., Clinical Neuroanatomy 7th ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2010.
11. Richard G. Ellenbogen et. al., Principles of Neurological Surgery 4th ed., Elsevier 2018.
12. Duane E Haines et. al., Neuroanatomy in Clinical Context, an Atlas of Structures, Sections, System & Syndrome, 9th ed., 2020
13. Sunil Munakomi, Joe M Das, Ventriculostomy, NCBI Bookshelf, January 2020.
14. M. M. Mortazavi et. al., The Ventricular System of The Brain : a Comprehensive of its History, Anatomy, Histology, Embryology, and Surgical Considerations, DOI 10.1007/s00381-013-2321-3, Springer 2013.
15. Robert E. Henkin, Nuclear Medicine 2nd ed., Mosby 2006.
16. Gary JR Cook et. al., Clinical Nuclear Medicine 4th ed., Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd 2006.
17. Michael Lassmann et. al., Paediatric radiopharmaceutical administration: harmonization of the 2007 EANM paediatric dosage card (version 1.5.2008) and the 2010 North American consensus guidelines, Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging DOI 10.1007/s00259-014-2731-9, Springer 2014.
18. Todd R. Aho, MD et. al., Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus : Diagnostic Imaging and Prognostic Assessment, Education Grand Rounds, Publication & Media Barrow Neurological Institute Arizona 2003.
19. Ahmed Ammar et. al., Hydrocephalus, What Do We Know? And What Do Still Not Know?, Springer International Publishing 2017.
20. Joe M. Das et. al., Normal Pressure Hidrocephalus, Statpearls, NCBI Bookshelf, Oktober 2020.
21. Freddi Segal-Gidan et. al., The Challenges of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus, A CaseBase Review, Clinician Reviews, December 2015.
22. IAEA Nuclear Medicine Resources Manual, 2006.
23. Frederick L. Datz, Handbook of Nuclear Medicine 2nd edition, Mosby 1993.
24. Etsuro Mori et. al., Guidelines for Management of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus: second edition, Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2012.
25. Lisa M DeAngelis et. al., Leptomeningeal Metastasis, Neurooncology 2005.
26. Ticiana Leal et. al., Leptomeningeal Metastasis: Challenges in Diagnosis and Treatment, NIH Public Acces 2011.
27. Kristen M Lloyd et. al., Imaging of Skull Base Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks in Adult, Radiology Volume 248, September 2008.
28. O Algin et. al., Intratechal Gadolinium-Enhanced MR Cisternography: A Comprehensive Review, AJNR 2011.
29. Ji-Woong Oh et. al., Traumatic Cerebrospinanl Fluid Leak: Diagnosis and Management, Korean J Neurotrauma 2017.