Derajat kontaminasi SARS-CoV-2 pada lingkungan di Rumah Sakit Universitas Mataram

  • Bayu Tirta Dirja Universities Mataram

Abstract

Since 2019, SARS-COV2 has become a global pandemic. Many hospitals has become designated hostilas for the treatment of SARS-COV2 patients. As part of preventive measures, hospitals are required to conduct routine desinfection procedure to minimize the risk of virus transmission. Therefore this study aims to evaluate surface contamination of  SARS COV2 at the emergency ward, outpatients SARS COV2 ward and inpatient ward for SARS-COV2  in how hospital. Surface samples were collected for viral RNA detection 5 hours post decontamination. Detection for SARS-COV2 was performed with  quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reactin. As many as 18 sampels were collected on October 2021. No samples were detected for the trace of SARS-COV2. Hence this could suggests that sufficient decontamination and preventive measures conducted by healthcare workers were established in our hospital.

References

Aydogdu, M. Altun, E. Chung, E, et al. 2021. Surface interactions and viability of coronavirusesJ. R. Soc. Interface.1820200798 http://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2020.0798

Ben-Shmuel, A., Brosh-Nissimov, T., Glinert, I.,et al. 2020. Detection and infectivity potential of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) environmental contamination in isolation units and quarantine facilities. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2020.09.004

Choi, H., Chatterjee, P., Coppin, J. D., Martel, J. A., Hwang, M., Jinadatha, C. and Sharma, V. K. (2021) Current understanding of the surface contamination and contact transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in healthcare settings. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 19(3), pp. 1935-1944.

Colaneri, M., Seminari, E., Piralla, A., et al. 2020. Lack of SARS-CoV-2 RNA environmental contamination in a tertiary referral hospital for infectious diseases in Northern Italy. Journal of Hospital Infection. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.03.018

Eslami, H., Jalili, M. 2020. The role of environmental factors to transmission of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). AMB Express, 10(1). doi:10.1186/s13568-020-01028-0

Ge, T., Lu, Y., Zheng, S., Zhuo, L., Yu, L., Ni, Z., Zhou, Y., Ni, L., Qu, T. and Zhong, Z. (2021) Evaluation of disinfection procedures in a designated hospital for COVID-19. American Journal of Infection Control, 49(4), pp. 447-451.
Gonçalves, J., da Silva, P. G., Reis, L., Nascimento, M. S. J., Koritnik, T., Paragi, M. and Mesquita, J. R. (2021) Surface contamination with SARS-CoV-2: A systematic review. Science of The Total Environment, 798, pp. 149231.
Gugus Tugas COVID-19 Nasional. 2021. Webinar Komunikasi COVID

Hu, X., Xing, Y., Ni, W., et al. 2020. Environmental contamination by SARS-CoV-2 of an imported case during incubation period. Science of The Total Environment, 742, 140620. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140620

Riddell, S., Goldie, S., Hill, A. et al. 2020. The effect of temperature on persistence of SARS-CoV-2 on common surfaces. Virol J 17, 145 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-020-01418-7

Satuan Petugas Penanganan COVID-19 (2021) Data Sebaran COVID-19, Available: https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran-covid19 [Accessed 5 November 2021.

Van Doremalen, N., Bushmaker, T., Morris, D. H., Holbrook, M. G., Gamble, A., Williamson, B. N., Tamin, A., Harcourt, J. L., Thornburg, N. J., Gerber, S. I., Lloyd-Smith, J. O., de Wit, E. and Munster, V. J. (2020) Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(16), pp. 1564-1567.



WHO (2020) Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 11 March 2020, Available: https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020 [Accessed 5 Oktober 2021.

World Health Organization (2020) WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care, Available: https://www.who.int/infection-prevention/publications/handhygiene-2009/en/
Wong JCC, Hapuarachchi HC, Arivalan S, et al. 2021. Environmental Contamination of SARS-CoV-2 in a Non-Healthcare Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 18(1):117. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18010117
Ye G, Lin H, Chen S, et al. 2020. Environmental contamination of SARS-CoV-2 in healthcare premises. Journal of Infection 81 (2020) e1-e5
Published
2022-06-30