CORRELATION BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND BEHAVIOR OF PULMONARY TB PATIENTS WITH EFFORTS TO PREVENT PULMONARY TB TRANSMISSION IN FAMILY IN THE WORKING AREA OF PUSKESMAS KURIPAN, WEST LOMBOK

  • Eva Hikmatul Damayanti Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mataram
Keywords: Keywords: Pulmonary TB, Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Efforts to Prevent Pulmonary TB in Families

Abstract

Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is the main cause of death in the world caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of pulmonary TB patients to efforts to prevent the transmission of pulmonary TB to families in the Puskesmas Kuripan.

Methods: This study was a descriptive analytic study with a cross-sectional method on pulmonary TB patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data collection was carried out by guided interviews using a questionnaire. Statistical analysis used is descriptive and bivariate analysis with Spearman correlation test.

Results: Respondents who participated in this study found 48 people. The sample has a good level of knowledge, attitude and behavior, namely 75.0%, 70.8%, and 72.9% respectively. For efforts to prevent transmission of pulmonary TB, most of the samples in this study were in the good category at 77.1%. From the results of the Spearman test, there was a strong positive correlation between knowledge and efforts to prevent pulmonary TB transmission (r = 0.670), a strong positive correlation between attitudes and efforts to prevent pulmonary TB transmission (r = 0.659), and a strong correlation between behavior and efforts to prevent pulmonary TB transmission. (r = 0.679).

Conclusion: There is a relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards the prevention of pulmonary TB transmission in families in the ??Puskesmas Kuripan, West Lombok.

Keywords: Pulmonary TB, Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, and Efforts to Prevent Pulmonary TB in Families

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Published
2022-10-28