• Ida Ayu Eka Widiastuti universitas Mataram
Keywords: physical activity, IPAQ-SF, body mass index, lipid profile


Background: Physical activity can improve physical fitness. By maintaining a good level of physical fitness not only prevent an increase in body fat percentage, but also improve lipid profiles. Elevated value of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) with low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are an important risk factors for coronary heart disease, in addition to above-normal body mass index, both overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical activity and body mass index, lipid profile of first year students of Medical Students Faculty of Medicine, University of Mataram.

Method: The research subjects were 93 first year students. Physical activity level was measured using the IPAQ-SF (International Physical Activity-Short Form) questionnaire, body mass index (BMI) by dividing body weight (kg) by height (m2) and examination of lipid profiles which included: triglyceride, total cholesterol , HDL and LDL cholesterol from blood serum using enzymatic colorimetric method. Data were analyzed statistically by Spearman correlation test.

Results: The results showed that there was no significant correlation between the level of physical activity with BMI, cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL value, with significance values (p) respectively: 0.162, 0.14, 0.327, 0.51. There was a significant correlation between level of physical activity and HDL (p=0.018; r=0.242).

Conclusion: Body mass index and lipid profile are not only affected by the level of physical activity. The higher the level of physical activity, the better HDL levels


1. Skoumas, J., Pitsavos, C., Panagiotakos, D.B., et al., (2003). Physical activity, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and other lipids levels, in men and women from the ATTICA study. Lipid in Health and Disease, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp.

2. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2015. Physical activity and health.[online] Available at:[Accessed 9 Maret 2017].

3. World Health Organization (WHO). Global recommendations on physical activity for health, 2011. [Access in 2021 March 10]. Available from: http://

4. WHO (2020). Obesity. Available at: (Accessed: 23 February 2020).

5. Eyre, H., Kahn, R., Robertson, M.R., et al. (2004). Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes. Circulation, Vol. 109, pp. 3244-3255.

6. Dallmeier, D., Koenig, W. (2014). Strategies for vascular disease prevention: The role of lipids and related markers including apolipoproteins, low-density lipoproteins (LDL)- particle size, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)). Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Vol. 28, pp. 281-294.

7. Castelli, D. (1998). Lipoproteins and cardiovascular disease: Biological basis and epidemiological studies. Value in Health, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 105-109.

8. Dholakia, J., Sharma, H., Vasava, S.N., et al. (2018). Correlation of anthropometric parameters with lipid profile in first year medical students. International Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Research, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 54-60.

9. Ofori, E.K., Angmorterh, S.K. (2019). Relationship between physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and lipid profile of students in Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal, Vol. 33, No.30, pp. 1-8.

10. Gawlik K, Zwierzchowska A, Celebanska D. (2018). Impact of physical activity on obesity and lipid profile of adults with intellectual disability. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 31(2): 308-311.

11. Blair, S.N., Kampert, J.B., Kohl, H.W. 3rd, Barlow, C.E., Macera, C.A., Paffenbarger, R.S., Gibbons, L.W. (1996). Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality in men and women. JAMA, 276(3): 205-210.

12. Hu, B., Liu, X.Y., Zheng, Y., Fan, H.M., Yin, S.F., Guo, C.Y., et al . (2015). High physical activity is associated with an improved lipid profile and resting heart rate among healthy middle-aged Chinese People. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences,H 28(4): 263-271.

13. German, J.B., Dillard, C.J. (2004) Saturated fats: What dietary intake? Am J Clin Nutr, 80:550-559.