Diagnosis and Management of Hemorrhoids

  • Baiq Wanda Annisa Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mataram
Keywords: Hemorrhoids, Diagnosis, Management

Abstract

Hemorrhoid, also known as piles is a dilatation and inflammation of the veins in the anal region originating from the hemorrhoidal plexus. Hemorrhoid is a severe disease than can interfere with daily activities and causing a degradation of a person's quality life. Hemorrhoids is divided into internal and external hemorrhoids. Factors that can cause hemorrhoids are low fiber diet, constipation, pushing for too long, pregnancy, and obesity. A thorough history, physical examination, and further evaluations are needed in order to establish the diagnosis of hemorrhoids. The management of hemorrhoids depends on the severity of the disease that consist of medical and operative management.

References

1. Safyudin and Damayanti. Gambaran pasien hemoroid di instalasi rawat inap departemen bedah rumah sakit umum pusat dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. JKK. 2017;4(1): 15-21
2. Kibret et al. Prevalence and associated factors of hemorrhoids among adult patients visiting the surgical outpatient department in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. PLUS ONE. 2016; 16(4): 1-11.DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0249736
3. Sekarlina et al. Profil Penderita Hemoroid di Rumah Sakit Islam Siti Rahmah Padang Sumatera Barat Periode 2016-2017. Health & Medical Journal. 2020; 2(2): 37-41. DOI:https://doi.org/10.33854/heme.v2i2.455
4. Mahadevan, Vishi. Anatomy of the rectum and anal canal. Basic Science Surgery. 2019; 38(1): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mpsur.2019.10.016
5. Wahyudi et al. Diagnosis and Management of Internal Hemorrhoids: A Brief Review. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. 2021; 3(5): 1-5. DOI:10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.5.1014
6. Sudarsono, Danar. Diagnosis dan Penanganan Hemoroid. J Majority. 2015; 4(6): 31-34
7. Indrayani et al. Diagnosa dan Tatalaksana pada Hemoroid Derajat IV: Laporan Kasus. Intisari Sains Medis. 2021; 12(3): 706-709. DOI: 10.15562/ism.v12i3.1165
8. Meitaqwatiningarum et al. Laporan Kasus: Efektivitas Terapi Akupunktur pada Pasien dengan Hemoroid. Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences. 2021; 7(3): 121-124.https://doi.org/10.19184/ams.v7i2.2028
9. Utami et al. Wanita 19 Tahun dengan Hemoroid Grade IV: Laporan Kasus. 2021; Proceeding Book National Symposium and Workshop Continuing Medical Education XIV. p 65-72
10. Sun and Migaly. (2016). Review of Hemorrhoid Disease: Presentation and Management. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2016; 29: 22-29. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1568144
11. Amsriza and Fakhriani. Laporan Kasus : Metode Kombinasi Modifikasi Ligasi Rubber Band dan Injeksi Sklerotik pada Hemoroid Derajat 1 dengan Menggunakan Paran Injection. Ligation for Ambeien Pack (PILA Pack). MEDICA ARTERIANA. 2021; 3(1):1-8.DOI:https://doi.org/10.26714/medart.3.1.2021.1-8
12. Bachtsetzis et al. Emergency treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids in apatient taking aspirin and clopidogrel using a 1470 nmdiode laser and the ELITE minimal invasive technique. Journal of Surgical Case Reports. 2020;11: 1-3. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjaa470
13. Lalisang, Toar. Hemorrhoid: Pathophysiology and Surgical Management A Literature reviews. New Ropanasuri Journal of Surgery. 2016; 1(1): 31-36. DOI: 10.7454/nrjs.v1i1.9
14. Pradiantiti and Dinata. Diagnosis dan Penatalaksanaan Hemoroid. Ganesha Medicina Journal. 2021; 1(1): 38-47.
15. Sim and Tan. Main Advantages of
Hemorrhoidectomy. Coloproctology. 2017; 1-4. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-51989-0_24-1
16. Sadeghi et al. Short term results of stapled versus conventional hemorrhoidectomy within 1 year follow-up. Int J Burn Trauma. 2021; 11(1): 69-74
17. Nikshoar et al. The Clinical Efficacy of Infrared Photocoagulation Versus Closed Hemorrhoidectomy in Treatment of Hemorrhoid. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2018; 9(1): 23-26
18. Brown, Steven. Haemorrhoids: an update on management. Journal Sagepub. 2017; 8(10): 141-147
19. Lobascio et al. Short-Term Results of Sclerotherapy with 3% Polidocanol Foam for Symptomatic Second- and Third-Degree Hemorrhoidal Disease. Journal of Investigative Surgery. 2021; 34(10): 1059-1065
20. Elmaged et al. Effects of Warm Water Sitz Bath on Post-Hemorrhoidectomy Symptoms. IOSJR. 2018; 7(6): 57-65
21. Shirah et al. Hemorrhoids during pregnancy: Sitz bath vs. ano-rectal cream: A comparative prospective study of two conservative treatment protocols. Woman and Birth. 2018; 31(4): 272-277
22. Mott et al. Hemorrhoids: diagnosis and treatment options. Am Fam Physician. 2018; 97(3):172-179
23. Kibret et al. Prevalence and associated factors of hemorrhoids among adult patients visiting the surgical outpatient department in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2021; 16(4): 1-11
Published
2022-11-02
Section
Literature Review