Analysis of the Effect of Sitting Online Learning Position with Back Pain on Medical Students


  • Ayu Andira Sukma Pasca Sarjana Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA



Back pain has become a phenomenal in itself in society because the higher and the earlier the incidence, which causes a decrease in the productivity of the individual. This case is also increasing during the Covid 19 pandemic, where learning activities, discussions, meetings or other activities are carried out online which require a person to sit in front of a computer or mobile phone for a long period of time without regard to position during online activities. In medical students this is also very influential, they are at high risk of spinal pain because they have a very dense curriculum that makes their lifestyle become sedentary, stressful daily activities, less hours of sleep, long study hours, practicum, and successive class schedules. The purpose of this journal literature is to analyze the effect of online learning positions on medical students with the incidence of spinal pain. Journal searches are carried out through Google Scholar by filtering research journals indexed nationally and internationally from 2016-2021. The results showed that there was an effect of online learning position on the incidence of spinal pain in medical students.


Chandra, A., & Indra, L. (2020). Hubungan Nyeri Punggung Bawah Dengan Duduk Lama: Sebuah Tinjauan Literatur Naratif. 3.
Bakhtiar Choudhary, M. S., Choudary, A. B., Jamal, S., Kumar, R., & Jamal, S. (2020). The Impact of Ergonomics on Children Studying Online During COVID-19 Lockdown. Journal of Advances in Sports and Physical Education, 3(8), 117–120.
Sany, S. A., Tanjim, T., & Hossain, M. I. (2021). Low back pain and associated risk faktors among medical students in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. F1000Research, 10, 698.
Tasneem B, Erum S, Wasim A, Hussain A. (2018). Musculoskeletal Problems in Frequent Computer and Internet Users.
Can, S., & Karaca, A. (2019). Determination of musculoskeletal system pain, physical activity intensity, and prolonged sitting of university students using smartphone. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 11(1), 28–35.
Bontrup, C., Taylor, W. R., Fliesser, M., Visscher, R., Green, T., Wippert, P. M., & Zemp, R. (2019). Low back pain and its relationship with sitting behaviour among sedentary office workers. Applied Ergonomics, 81(January 2020), 102894.
Jan, S., & Klaus, M. (2012). Spinal Alignment and Low Back Pain Indicating Spine Shape Parameters. Low Back Pain Pathogenesis and Treatment.
Ilbeigi, S. (2017). The Relationship between Sitting Posture and Musculoskeletal Pain in Boy Elementary School Students. Journal of Ergonomics, 5(3), 41–49.
Scheer, J. K., Tang, J. A., Smith, J. S., Acosta, F. L., Protopsaltis, T. S., Blondel, B., Bess, S., Shaffrey, C. I., Deviren, V., Lafage, V., Schwab, F., & Ames, C. P. (2013). Cervical spine alignment, sagittal deformity, and clinical implications: A review. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 19(2), 141–159.
Houglum, P.A., & Bertoti, D. B. (2012). Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology Sixth Edition (Vol. 53, Issue 9).




How to Cite

Sukma, A. A. (2022). Analysis of the Effect of Sitting Online Learning Position with Back Pain on Medical Students . Jurnal Kedokteran, 11(2), 827–832.



Literature Review