The Cholecystitis Complication : Gallbladder Empyema and Hydrops

Authors

  • Annisa Risqi Amaliya Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mataram
  • Rika Kamila Salsabila Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • Teguh Budi Wicaksono Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • Steven Christian Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • Gina Aulia Azizaturrahmah Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • Ghina Shadrina Rienti Sepestian Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia
  • Yusra Pintaningrum Bagian Kardiologi dan Kedokteran Vaskuler Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Mataram, Mataram, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29303/jku.v12i4.985

Keywords:

Cholecystitis, Hydrops, Mucocele, Gallbladder, Empyema

Abstract

Acute cholecystitis, or acute inflammation of the gallbladder, is commonly caused by gallstone obstruction. The two major complications that can arise are empyema and hydrops of the gallbladder. Gallbladder empyema is defined as the accumulation of pus in the gallbladder, resulting from prolonged bacterial infection. On the other hand, hydrops of the gallbladder is a condition where serous fluid accumulates in the gallbladder, typically due to chronic obstruction. This article provides an overview of both conditions, including their etiology, clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Emphasis is placed on the importance of early diagnosis and appropriate management to minimize morbidity and mortality. The prognosis for hydrops and gallbladder empyema is influenced by factors such as age and underlying health conditions.

References

Ambe, P. C., Jansen, S., Macher-Heidrich, S., & Zirngibl, H. (2016). Surgical management of empyematous cholecystitis: a register study of over 12,000 cases from a regional quality control database in Germany. Surgical Endoscopy, 30(12), 5319–5324. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-016-4882-1

Gomes, M. J. de A., Figueiredo, B. Q. de, Menezes, A. G. G. de, Machado Júnior, Á. N., Carvalho, B. C. U., Roehrs, D. D., Loureiro, L. S., Nunes, N. A. S., Borges, C. A., & Machado, K. S. (2022). Acute cholecystitis: diagnosis, complications and therapy: an integrative literature review. Research, Society and Development, 11(15), e322111537469. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37469

Jones, M. W., & Deppen, J. G. . (2023). Gallbladder Mucocele. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK513282/

Kashyap, S., Mathew, G., & King, K. C. (2023). Gallbladder Empyema. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459333/

Kereh, D. S., Lampus, H., Sapan, H. B., & Loho, L. L. (2015). Hubungan Antara Jenis Batu Dan Perubahan Mukosa Kandung Empedu Pada Pasien Batu Kandung Empedu. Jurnal Biomedik (JBM), 7(3). https://doi.org/10.35790/jbm.7.3.2015.10441

Khothsymuong, R. R., & Kaminski, J. (2004). Gallbladder Hydrops. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, 20(4), 256–259. https://doi.org/10.1177/8756479304266949

Lam, R., Zakko, A., Petrov, J. C., Kumar, P., Duffy, A. J., & Muniraj, T. (2021). Gallbladder Disorders: A Comprehensive Review. Disease-a-Month, 67(7), 101130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2021.101130

Le, Z. H. M., Dowling, L., & Ranasinghe, S. M. (2023). A Rare Case of Calculous Gallbladder Hydrops Presenting With Atypical Abdominal and Urinary Symptoms. Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.40016

Mayumi, T., Okamoto, K., Takada, T., Strasberg, S. M., Solomkin, J. S., Schlossberg, D., Pitt, H. A., Yoshida, M., Gomi, H., Miura, F., Garden, O. J., Kiriyama, S., Yokoe, M., Endo, I., Asbun, H. J., Iwashita, Y., Hibi, T., Umezawa, A., Suzuki, K., … Yamamoto, M. (2018). Tokyo Guidelines 2018: management bundles for acute cholangitis and cholecystitis. Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Sciences, 25(1), 96–100. https://doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.519

Mehta, V., Yarmish, G., Greenstein, J., & Hahn, B. (2016). Gallbladder Empyema. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 50(6), 893–894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.03.028

Puylaert, J. (n.d.). Gallbladder obstruction. Radiology Assistant, Medical Center Haaglanden in the Hague and Academical Medical Center in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. https://radiologyassistant.nl/abdomen/biliary-system/lk-jg

Sharma, R., Stead, T. S., Aleksandrovskiy, I., Amatea, J., & Ganti, L. (2021). Gallbladder Hydrops. Cureus. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.18159

Villavicencio Kim, J., & Wu, G. Y. (2022). Update on Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction: A Review. Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology, 10(3), 515–521. https://doi.org/10.14218/JCTH.2021.00167

Downloads

Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Amaliya, A. R., Rika Kamila Salsabila, Teguh Budi Wicaksono, Steven Christian, Gina Aulia Azizaturrahmah, Ghina Shadrina Rienti Sepestian, & Yusra Pintaningrum. (2023). The Cholecystitis Complication : Gallbladder Empyema and Hydrops. Baphomet University : Situs Slot Online Gacor Terbaik Hari Ini Server Thailand Gampang Maxwin 2024, 12(4), 429–433. https://doi.org/10.29303/jku.v12i4.985

Most read articles by the same author(s)